ANNUAL

Royal™ Ivy Geranium Series

Early flowering makes for quick turns, and excellent oedema resistance results in clean foliage at retail. This double-flowered ivy geranium with a medium-vigor, well-branched, trailing habit is terrific in baskets.
A new, novel color for the series.

Container Size
General Information
Height:10 - 12" (25 - 30cm)
Spread:14 - 18" (36 - 46cm)
Exposure:Partial Sun
Rooting Guidelines
Recommended Cell Size (in millimeters):25/35 mm single or double strip
Rooting Hormone (IBA + NAA mix):yes
Average Days with Mist:14
Early PGR Treatment Recommended (after 7 - 10 days):yes

PGR applications during rooting:
Sprays only. Cover the plants and avoid run-off as much as possible. For vigorous products, first application should be done about 7-10 days after sticking, second when needed. Please test before use.

Average Propagation Weeks:4 to 5
Pinch in Propagation:no
Comments:Stick right after arrival, keep cuttings hydrated for the first three days, and reduce mist afterwards as soon as possible. Apply preventive fungicide treatment after sticking. Avoid stretch.
Rooting & Finishing
Media pH:5.4-5.8

Best results are achieved if media with the correct pH is used starting with propagation.

Fertilizer Needs:200-250 PPM N/EC 1.8-2.0

Start with low concentrations after roots show and increase with plant development to the recommended levels.

Watering:grow on the dry side

In general avoid drying out or overwatering the substrate as this will affect plant quality and finishing time. Root system will suffer when conditions change from one extreme to the other. “Growing on the dry side“ means letting the substrate become dry (substrate color turns light brown and substrate starts to separate from the pot edge) before watering.

“Keep constantly moist“ means watering the plants just before substrate becomes dry. Water management in rooting and finishing is half the success and the best way to prevent root-bound diseases, improve performance and control plant quality.

Finishing Guidelines
Temperature Needs Day/Night: 65-75°F/60-65°F 18-24°C/16-18°C

During rooting keep soil temperature measured in the liner at 70°F/21°C until cuttings are well-rooted. After planting the liner, keep temperature up until roots have developed nicely. Afterward follow recommendations.

The use of “Cool Morning“ treatments will improve plant quality, flower and foliage color, and plant habit, and harden the plants. Lower the temperature by 8-12°F/4-6°C 2 hours before sunrise until 2-3 hours after sunrise. Start treatments after plants are rooted in, well-branched and cover the media (reach the pot edges). To avoid delayed flowering, keep the average day temperature under a close watch and if necessary, increase night temperatures. Finishing of the crop depends on the average day temperature, and positive or negative DIF methods as well as “Cool Morning” can be used to improve plant quality.

Pinch after Transplant (unpinched liners):recommended
Light Levels in Foot Candles:3,000 to 5,000
Plant Growth Regulators (PGR) (S) = spray / (D) = drench:Cycocel 750-1,000 PPM + B-Nine 1,500-2,500 PPM tank mix (S), Bonzi 2-5 PPM (S)/Cycocel 750-1,500 PPM (D)
Pests and Fungal Diseases:Thrips, Fungus Gnats, Spider Mites, Rust, Botrytis, Pythium
Comments: Maintain temperature and grow the crop on the dry side, but avoid drying out, as this will slow growth (plants will push flowers). Provide excellent air circulation.
Crop Time
4- to 5-inch (10- to 13-cm) Pots, Quarts: 8 to 10 weeks, 1 ppp
6-inch (15-cm) Pots, Gallons:10 to 12 weeks, 1 ppp
10- to 12-inch (25- to 30-cm) Tubs or Baskets:10 to 14 weeks, 3 to 4 ppp
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